What does Stance Width Range mean?
Every person has a Stance Width Range of 8 inches depending on their playing Core Region. The Upper Core region will have the narrowest Stance Width Range; the Lower Core region will have the widest Stance Width Range and the Middle Core player will have Stance Widths between their Upper and Lower Core ranges. The Playing Core Region can easily be identified by a Wright Balance Professional.
Finding the Stance Width Range is a very quick process. The Stance Width Range you find imacts multiple setup variables. These variables include how the clubface is aimed at address; heel to toe balance; the path the club will take in the backswing; shaft lean at address; the shaft plane; the amount of hip / shoulder turn in the backswing; the trail arm ELBOW placement on the body the COM at the top of the swing; sequencing of motion; and the probability of center face impact.
Every person has an 8 inch Stance Width Range that matches their playing Core Zone and the Core Region within that Zone. The playing Core Region can be identified by any Wright Balance Professional. Within this Stance Width Range your hands hang exactly the same at your sides; your hips will remain square and, when you add knee flex, your weight distribution in your feet will match the balance of your playing Core Region.
When you begin your swing motion in the correct sequence for your Core Region, you will note how you will use the ground in your swing. Within your 8 inch Stance Width range you will be able to practice your sequencing of motion without a club and understand why there is only one way to start your swing motion to use the ground most efficiently for the greatest power and least stress on your body.
The following videos show how to determine the Stance Width Changes for the UPPER, MIDDLE and LOWER Core players.
When you place tape on your Upper Core Power Spot of any finger on either hand.
...and add knee flex, your weight distribution will move to the balls of your feet only in your 8 inch Stance Width Range.
When you place tape on your Middle Core Power Spot of any finger of either hand. The Middle Core Power Spot is the knuckle crease just above the first pad on any finger. Be certain that crease is covered with a mild pressure. Use a finger sleeve or tape for testing.
...and add knee flex, your weight distribution will move just behind the balls of your feet and forward of the center of your arches only in your 8 inch Stance Width Range.
When you place tape on your Lower Core Power Spot on any finger of either hand...
...and add knee flex, your weight distribution will move to the center of your arches only in your 8 inch Stance Width Range.
When your Stance Width does not match the Core Region or you are inside or outside your 8 inch range:
One hand will be rotated inward more than the other; one shoulder will be lower; hips will be rotated...
...and one hip will be higher than the other as shown in this photo of Nick Faldo.
The latest emerging technology from Wright Balance® shows:
If the grip size fits your student and if their Carrying / Power Angle matches their playing Core Region, they don't need to do the Wright Balance® Express before playing as long as they play only within their 8 inch Stance Width Range. HOWEVER, there are several downsides to not doing the Wright Balance Express exercise shown in this EBook. The reality is that very few students will exercise unless there is some immediate outcome for example, pain relief. However, when the pain remits, exercise stops until there is a recurrence of pain.
Anne Marie Palli is shown in the following illustration preparing to do the Wright Balance Express exercise.
This video shows Anne Marie testing her grip size in each of the 3 Core Regions.
As noted, the trail arm delivery must match the Playing Core Region. This video shows how to measure and change the trail arm delivery.
- If the grip size does not fit, as long as your student does the Wright Balance® Express with a handle size that fits their playing Core Region, they need only do the Wright Balance Express in the 3 Stance Widths*** of their playing Core Region. Then, they must play within their 8 inch Stance Width Range.
The Down Side: The player's trail hip is higher at address impacting the potential for injury over time. The player's shaft plane will be high or low at address outside the 8 inch Stance Width Range and within the 8 inch Stance Width Range if their grip is not neutral. if the grip size does not fit, it is likely the placement of the player's hands on the club are not correct and their hips will be rotated at address.
If the players putts or swings outside their 8 inch Stance Width range, their hips will open or close and the path with the putter will be outside in or inside out and their ability to use the ground for power in the full swing will be compromised.
If your student does the Wright Balance® Express using a handle size that fits their playing Core Region using all 9 Core Region Stance Widths with finger sleeves or tape on the Power Spots of each Core Region, their trail hip will be lower at address, their shaft plane can be placed at neutral in all stance widths and the ease of motion and injury prevention are maximized.
Wright Balance® EXPRESS Exercise Reminder
NOTE: If your student reports back pain or soreness, the Wright Balance® Express Exercise followed by the Wright Balance® Optimization Exercises will provide relief in a few days if done daily. The isometric component of the Express and the stretching component of the Optimization are innocuous. However, be certain to ask your student to check with any and all treating physicians before embarking on any exercise program.
What happens when you are out of your Stance Width Range?
Sequencing of Motion is Compromised
Center of Mass no longer will match Core Region Swing at the top of the swing.
Clubface will open or close. Note in the following photo that Colin Montgomery is out of his 8 inch Stance Width Range and his clubface closes.
- Your trail hip is higher than your target side hip at address as shown here in LPGA Tour Player Laurie Rinker's address position. This hip position impacts rotation and increases the chance of muscle strain and injury.
Following the Wright Balance Express Exercise, note how Laurie's trail hip is lower.
How to Practice Your Motion by Core Region
If you are a Upper Core Region player, from your 8 inch Upper Core Stance Width Range, when you add knee flex, your weight will move over the balls of your feet. If your motion is correct you will experience the ground reaction force you will use (without a club). Start your motion with your arms across your chest. As long as you stay within your Upper Core Stance Width Range and you start your swing with your Lower Core before releasing your Upper Core, you will notice that your center of mass loads on the target side. As you turn through to impact notice that your hips "stall" and you rise as you change direction. Then the club will pull you through to your finish position. The Upper Core player uses the ground rotationally and vertically with very little linear motion.
if you are a Middle Core Region player, from your 8 inch Middle Core Stance Width Range, when you add knee flex, your weight will move between the balls of your feet and the center of your arches, right between the balance points of Upper and Lower Core. If your motion is correct you will experience the ground reaction force you will use (without a club). Start your motion, hands across your chest, with both your Upper and Lower Core. You should have the sensation that everything rotates together in your backswing. As long as you stay within your Middle Core Stance Width Range and you start your swing rotating your Lower Core and Upper Core together, you will notice that your center mass is very centered over your pelvis. As you turn through to impact notice that you use the ground rotationally, vertically and linearly. Your hip clearance at impact is between the Upper and Lower Core hip clearances.
If you are a Lower Core Region player, from your 8 inch Lower Core Stance Width Range, when you add knee flex, your weight will move over the balls of your feet. (To experience these balance changes, you MUST have your Lower Core Power Spot taped on any finger or either hand.
If your motion is correct you will experience the ground reaction force you will use (without a club). Start your motion with your arms across your chest. As long as you stay within your Lower Core Stance Width Range and you start your swing with your Upper Core before releasing your Lower Core, you will notice that your center of mass loads on the trail side. As you turn through to impact notice that your hips "easily" rotate through to your finish position. The ease of your hip rotation comes out of balance over the center of your arches. Move you weight purposely over the center of your arches and note the ease of rotation to finish. Now, purposely move your weight over the balls of your feet and rotate through to finish. Notice how your hips "stall" at impact and you rise. That is the difference between being an Upper and Lower Core player.
The Lower Core player uses the ground rotationally and linearly with very little vertical motion.
Ground reaction force is natural and a function of balance. I have heard instructors tell students to "jump" at impact in an effort to use more vertical ground force. You will never retrieve ground force that you don't apply at address and during your motion. All ground force is natural.
Vision and Your 8 Inch Stance Width Range
Vision and balance are tied closely together. Place a toothpick on a green with a line on a ball aimed precisely at that toothpick as shown in the following image.
Place the yardstick with your 8 inch Stance Width range on the green parallel to the line on the ball. Stand in your Stance Width range and note that the line on the ball visually intersects the toothpick. Step outside your Stance Width range and note that the line on the ball appears to be left or right of the toothpick. Practice setting up with your putter "Seeing the Line". I have worked with 3 players who have been number one in putting on their respective tours for the year. They each describe "Seeing the Line" on the putting green on their best putting days. When you set up to putt and "see a line", you should be confident that your set up is perfect to stroke the putt. All you need is a good picture for speed control, add the Wright Balance putting BOM as you gather your picture and you are good to ready to stroke your putt on line with great speed.